Ethnographic Study of Voting Behaviour of Youth (Part-13)
Parent’s political interests and activities influence their children by many ways. These can be direct and indirect communication process in between parents and their children. The main focus in this study is to examine the parents political understanding and interests and their effects on the children.
The process of political socialization starts from the home. A child is socialized by his/her family members and then society. Cultural values are transferred to children from many sources in which the most influencing is parents.
Political ideology and beliefs are the most influencing factors of change in the voting behaviour of Youth. Young people get political knowledge and awareness from different sources. But the main role is the ruling ideology and belief in the minds of the public. They believe in same political parties because their parents provide them the facts about the political parties and events in the past.
Leading cause in changing the electoral behaviour is the change of ideas through different psychological and social tools. Young people perceive things from the internal and external sources of interaction about the society. When they interact with their family and other individuals of the society, they become capable to compare and analyzed the political norms and values.
Social pressure is the factor influencing the voting behaviour and its change. If a person is loyal to his political party, he will vote for it without the influence of external situations of the society. The long term relationships of parents with same political party bring social pressure to the children. Family members, friends, and village fellows put pressure to the voter to stick to their old political parties due to ego.
Kinship ties (Biradary System) is also playing its role in the social and political matters. Descent groups are significant in the political organization of society. A common way of organizing a society along kinship lines is by creating what anthropologists call descent groups. Descent group can be defined as: “any publicly recognized social entity requiring lineal descent from a particular real or mythical ancestor for membership” (Haviland, 2002, p.270).
Young people who have blood relations with political parties tie together with them because of shared political beliefs and practices. Their genealogical relationships forced them to get united and strengthened. Their parents give them lectures and advices to stick together with their descent group for their survival in the society. That is why Youth behaves in a way which is designed by their descent groups in political activities and practices.
Orientations of the young people are driven by their social groups. They think and act as their companies do. They have strong influence from their social groups for their identity. They want to unite for the sake of their common political and economic interests. Their orientations are to do things as right as their geniuses’.
Support brings stability in the political system of any society. The majority of the same group becomes the ruler in the society. They ruler is always in majority and bring social order in stability. The social groups play role in changing the electoral behaviour due to the support from the society.
Interaction and predisposition of parties with, electorate influence the vote. Young people look at the delivers of the parties in past to cast vote. The greater level of interaction among the stakeholders in the line of politics, results in strong motivation for changing the behaviour of the voters. The reason for political campaigns is to enhance the public interest in the politics.
Communication is also a better tool for the change in the society. The most suitable way is the clear and effective strategies to capture the attention and sympathies of public in election. So the spokes persons of political parties do their job with due diligence and care. Because of their speeches and programs many people become their supporters and vote bank increases.
Variables in political concerns can be the major part of influencing the behaviour of voters. These variables include economic, social, kinship, ethnic, race and other stratifications in the region. Class stratifications, caste, political ideologies and beliefs are dependent variables for the voting behaviour of Young people.
Religion importance, for the social and political change is considered well in all over the world. Religion is a feeling of great social solidarity, equality and togetherness. The word religion derives from the Latin religare-“to tie, to bind,”. From this, it can be cleared that religion is a source of unity among its adherents. So the Young people belonging to same religious group try to get united due to their common faith. The religious parties play their role in the voting behaviour of Youth. “It is cultural universal”(Kottak,2010,p.191).
The young people belonging to religious parents prefer to their religious parties to cast their votes. Their parents influence them with many ways to suggest them in making political decisions for the bright future. They say them that individual is weak without affiliation with their groups. To strengthen their political body, they prefer to vote for their religious political party. Ethnicity is another variable in the context of electoral behaviour.
Ethnicity means identification with and feeling part of, an ethnic group and exclusion from certain other groups because of this affiliation.
(Ibid, 2010, p.234)
With the emergence of the ethnic groups the political processes started in the world. Many political parties are ethnic nature because of their composition and structure. The ethnic groups exclude themselves from other groups of same society with cultural differences. They claim their separate identity and right. So the young people from different ethnic groups prefer to vote their own ethnic party instead of any other party in the elections.
Ethnic identity may reflect political changes (Soviet rule ends-ethnic feeling rises) or individual life-cycle changes (young people relinquish, or old people reclaim, an ethnic background).
(Ibid, 2010, p.235)
Young people who belong to an ethnic group will support their ethnic political party because of common cultural beliefs. They have the tendencies towards their ethnic group for common interest of separate identity among other ethnic groups in a same region. So it is important to know about the social relationships of the young people to judge the electoral behaviour. So the parents do their part in modifying the behaviour of their children in political perspectives.
The parents advise their children about their ethnic identity in the society. They recall and memorize them the history of their ethnic groups and their hardships faced in the past. So the significance of Young ethnic groups is undeniable.
Haviland, W. A. (2002). Cultural Anthropology (Tenth ed.). United States of America: Harcourt College Publishers.
Kottak, C. P. (2010). Mirror for Humanity (7thed.). New York: The McGraw.Hill Companies.