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Ethnographic Study of Voting Behaviour of Youth (Part-15)

Ethnographic Study of Voting Behaviour of Youth (Part-15)

1.1           Curiosity in old political system and response

1.1.1    Result 1

During research the researcher found that 26% of Youth respondents were strongly agreed to prefer their traditional political values and activities.

Their views were different as compared to other groups of the sample for the same question regarding the research topic. They were confidant to follow their old traditional political values and activities in exercising their right to cast vote for specific party.

1.1.2    Result 2

The results of 2nd group of young people were 67% who were strongly disagreed to prefer their traditional political values and activities. Their views were different as compared to other groups of the sample for the same question regarding the research topic.

1.1.3    Result 3

The results of 3rd group of young people were 7% who were not sure to prefer their traditional political values and activities in political system. Their views were different as compared to other groups of the sample for the same question regarding the research topic.

 

Table 8. Indicates Old Political System and Response

Question Response No. of

Respondents

Response in %age
I strongly support traditional Political values and activities. Strongly Agree 26 26%
Strongly Disagree 67 67%
Not Sure 7 7%
Total 100 100%
  (Source: Field data during research)

1.2            Youth political sentience and response

1.2.1    Result 1

During research the researcher found that 77% of Youth respondents were strongly agreed in considering their right and responsibility to utilize their votes. Their views were different as compared to other groups of the sample for the same question regarding the research topic. They had awareness in exercising their right to cast vote for specific party.

1.2.2    Result 2

The results of 2nd group of young people were 13% who were aware of the worth of their vote. They believed that it’s their sacred duty in exercising their right to cast vote. Their views were different as compared to other groups of the sample for the same question regarding the research topic.

1.2.3    Result 3

The results of 3rd group of young people were 8% who were aware of the worth of their vote. They believed in just following others in exercising their right to cast vote. Their views were different as compared to other groups of the sample for the same question regarding the research topic.

1.2.4    Result 4

The results of 4th group of young people were 2% who were aware of the worth of their vote. They believed in other reasons in exercising their right to cast vote. Their views were different as compared to other groups of the sample for the same question regarding the research topic.

Table 9. Indicates Youth political awareness and response

Question Response No. of

Respondents

Response in %age
Why do you vote? 1- Right and responsibility 77 77%
2- My sacred duty 13 13%
3- Just following others 8 8%
4- Other reason 2 2%
Total 100 100%
  (Source: Field data during research)

1.3            Youth political knowledge and response

1.3.1    Result 1

During research the researcher found that 68% of Youth respondents were strongly agreed to know little about political issues in their surroundings. Their views were different as compared to other groups of the sample for the same question regarding the research topic. It was observed that they were following their self-decisions in exercising their right to cast vote for specific party.

1.3.2    Result 2

The results of 2nd group of young people were 29% who were strongly disagreed to know little about political issues in their surroundings. Their views were different as compared to other groups of the sample for the same question regarding the research topic.

1.3.3    Result 3

The results of 3rd group of young people were 3% who were not sure to know little about political issues in their surroundings. Their views were different as compared to other groups of the sample for the same question regarding the research topic.

Table 10. Indicates Youth Political Knowledge and Response

Question Response No. of

Respondents

Response in %age
Young people know little about Political issues. Strongly Agree- 68 68%
Strongly Disagree- 29 29%
Not Sure- 3 3%
Total 100 100
  (Source: Field Data during research)

1.4            Electoral roll in Pakistan

The Electoral Roll in Pakistan shows the age wise total number of registered voters in Pakistan. According to this table the age group 18-25, consists of 20.35% of total registered voters and age group 26-35, consists of 28.10% of total registered voters.

Age grouping is so familiar and so important that it and sex sometimes have been called the only universal factors that determine a person’s position in society.

(Haviland, 2002, p.299)

The total Youth electorate percentage is 48.45% in Pakistan. The purpose of this table is to show the registered voters in percentage demonstrating their right to cast vote. The eligibility and contributions of Youth in the stability of political system of Pakistan, is significant.

While 51.55% registered electorate are older than 35 years and are not included in the targeted population to study in this topic. But their contributions in the political socialization of the Youth, is undeniable.

Table 11. Indicates Electoral Roll in Pakistan

Age Group Number of registered voters(in Millions) Fraction of Total Votes (%)
18-25 17.5 20.35%
26-35 24.2 28.10%
36-45 17.2 19.99%
46-55 12 13.94%
56-65 8.4 9.81%
66  and above 6.7 7.81%
Total 86.1 100.00%
(Source: District Census Report Islamabad, 1998)

1.5           Region wise distribution of voters in Pakistan

The reason for this table is to show the total population of registered voters in respect of their area and region. In this table total registered voters are 625,964 including women electorates 288,057 and men electorates 337,907 in Federal Area of Pakistan which is the locale of the study.

These figures show the total population of registered voters in Federal Area of Pakistan which include both seats of National Assembly (NA-48 & NA-49).

The researcher was intended to study the voting behaviour of Youth in Sector G-11, Islamabad which was included in the region of NA-48. In the elections 2013, the PTI was winner in the concerned area because of the Youth interest in the party.

Table 12. Indicates Region Wise Distribution of Voters in Pakistan

Province Men Women Total
Baluchistan 1,915,318 1,421,341 3,336,659
FATA 1,142,234 596,079 1,738,313
Federal Area 337,907 288,057 625,964
KPK 7,008,538 5,257,624 12,266,162
Punjab 27,697,703 21,561,634 49,259,337
Sindh 10,491,837 8,471,479 18,963,316
Total 48,593,537 37,596,214 86,189,751
* There are approximately 687 Eunuchs (KhawajaSira) in Pakistan
(Source: District census report Islamabad 1998)

1.6           Distribution of seats in the national assembly

The given table shows the total seats of National Assembly of Pakistan and the specific area of the study which is NA-48 and NA-49 of Federal Area of Pakistan. NA-48 was the main focus of the researcher to study the voting behaviour of Youth. The researcher found that the Youth participation in casting vote was significant. There was a competition among many candidates but the dominant candidate was PTI in that area due to Youth participation in the General Elections 2013.

Table 13.Indicates Distribution of Seats in the National Assembly

Province General Seats Women Non-Muslims Total
Balochistan 14 3 17
FATA 12 12
Federal Area 2 2
KPK 35 8 43
Punjab 148 35 183
Sindh 61 14 75
Total 272 60 10 342
(Source: Report of the Commonwealth Observer Mission)

Sources:

Haviland, W. A. (2002). Cultural Anthropology (Tenth ed.). United States of America: Harcourt College Publishers.

 

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