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Ethnographic Study of Voting Behaviour of Youth (Part-4)

Ethnographic Study of Voting Behaviour of Youth (Part-4)

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

Anthropological research needs some techniques and methodologies to be adopted in the field for collecting data. These methodologies provide the incentives to launch the empirical investigation for collecting the data. Every anthropologist applies the methodologies during the study according to his field.

By methodology we mean the philosophy of research problem. This includes the assumption and value that serve as a rational for research and the standards the uses for interpreting data and reaching conclusion.

(Baily, 1998,)

During the field work, researcher used some methodologies which helped him for collecting the data, because without applying a proper methodology it was not possible for the researcher to complete his studies successfully. The researcher adopted almost all the prevalent methodologies for its research study:

1.1            Research settings

1.1.1    History of Islamabad

Area profile was inclusive chapter of the research for better understanding of the culture, their daily life and their surrounding physical environment which definitely affected the lives of the humans. In this chapter Researcher included their communication system, road facilities, physical location, health facilities, religious activities etc. Islamabad, literally meaning “adobe of Islam” is the capital of Pakistan. True to the meaning of its name, it embodies the Islamic values and aspirations of Muslims of South Asia which culminated in the establishment of Pakistan in 1947. Its freshness and beauty symbolize the hopes and ambitions of the people of Pakistan to revive in a modern context the glory and grandeur of the Muslim in South Asia.

It is also the expression of the national will to exemplify the best in town planning and public facilities with up to date technology. The rapidly emerging city has achieved a distinguished pattern and shape of its town.

President Muhammad Ayub Khan will always be remembered for shifting the capital to Islamabad. Earlier the capital of the country was Karachi, which was selected because of the need prevailing at the time of the independence. The need for a proper capital remained in the mind of the Government and its people all the time.

In 1959, this important national task was taken up in right earnest and a high powered commission was established to assess the suitability of Karachi as capital and to recommend another site in case of unsuitability. On the recommendations of this Commission, the Government decided in favor of the Potohar areas and made a public announcement to this effect in June, 1959. On February, 24, 1960 the Government named the new capital as Islamabad.

To understand the huge task of constructing a new capital within a reasonable time, an autonomous body with necessary legal status and backing was considered necessary. Consequently, the Capital Development Authority Ordinance was issued on June 14, 1960, constituting the Authority and defining its powers and duties. According to this Ordinance, the general direction and administration of the Authority and its affaires vest in a board consisting of not less than 3 members (Chairman, Financial Adviser and a Member) to be appointed by the Federal Government.

It was in October 1961 that the construction work commenced. Exactly two years later, in October 1963, the new city came to life with arrival of its first residents. Earlier, the greater part of the Secretariat of the Government of Pakistan was moved to Rawalpindi in October 1959, to be later shifted to Islamabad when the required Government Buildings and residence for the Government employees were ready for occupation.

The researcher conducted his research in the Sector G-11 Islamabad. The area was famous for better political activities of youth because there were a number of places for gatherings which were providing information to the subject matter.

The study was conducted in Sector G-11, Islamabad. The reason for selecting the locale was that the public was very much engrossed in significance of voting behaviour & believed in participation of Youth in their decision making regarding social life and political changes.

1.1.2    Location

It lies between 330 – 28’ and 330 – 48’ north latitudes and 720 – 48’ and 730 – 22’ east longitudes. It is bounded by Haripur district of KPK to the north and by Rawalpindi district of Punjab on all other sides.

1.1.3    Climate

Islamabad has distinct seasons marked by wide variation in temperature. The coldest month is January when the mean maximum temperature is 17.7 0C and the mean minimum temperature is 2.6 0C.

June is the hottest month with the mean maximum temperature is 40 0C and the mean minimum temperature is 24 0C.

Through the year, the winds blow predominantly from the north or the south-east, but in summer there are short spells of wind from north to south-east.

Morning breeze is mostly from the west and the wind throughout the year is from the south-west.

1.1.3.1  Rainfall

The area has two distinct rainfall seasons, the summer season from July to September and the winter season from December to April.

The bulk of monsoons precipitation occurs in July and August, with monthly averages of 267 and 309 millimeters respectively.

The peaks of the Margallah hills are sometimes covered with snow during winter. Thunder storms are more pronounced during July and August. Hail storms also occur in this area.

All the year the weather remains cool and wet environment is observed in the city due to the humidity. The dry season is not possible in this area.

Due to humidity the wooden goods starts deteriorate. Mostly people used to wear rain coats in the season of rains. People used to keep umbrella all the year due to sudden change in weather and to protect their selves from rain.

The mean monthly maximum and minimum temperatures and the mean precipitation are given below along with corresponding mean for the year as a whole.

Table 1. Indicates Month wise mean temperature and precipitation

Month Mean Temp in 0C Precipitation
(mm)
Maximum Minimum
January 17.7 2.6 56.1
February 19.1 5.1 73.5
March 23.9 9.9 89.8
April 30.1 15.1 61.8
May 35.3 19.7 39.2
June 38.7 23.7 62.2
July 35 24.3 267.0
August 33.4 23.5 309.0
September 33.5 20.6 98.2
October 30.9 13.9 29.3
November 25.5 7.5 17.9
December 19.7 3.4 37.3
Annual 28.6 14.1 95.2
                       (Source: District Census Report 1998, Islamabad)

Sources:

Baily. (1998). Research Methods in social Research. Sage Publishers.

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