Ethnographic Study of Voting Behaviour of Youth (Part-5)
22.214.171.124 Castes and races
For study of ethnography Islamabad can be divided into two parts i.e. urban and rural. In Islamabad city people belonging to almost all possible races and tribes of Pakistan are living. Regarding people living in rural areas , they are mostly Rajput.
The important subdivision are Bhatti, Rawal, Janjua and Chohan, Besides, Gujar, Awan, Mughal, Qureshi, Syed and Satti are also living here. Some of the other minor tribes are the Jat, Malyar and Pathan and some Khattar.
The people in general are wheatish in colour and have lighter complexion than rest of the people living in the southern Punjab. People are generally well built and of medium height, sturdy and rugged looking. They mostly resemble the people of Hazara Division and Azad Jammu and Kashmir. Physical features and language spoken by them are quite different from the people of plains.
Males generally wear Shalwar ,Kameez and Chaddar. The Chaddar is multipurpose dress of rural people. The colour of the man’s dress is generally white, khaki or gary. In winter sometimes they wear long coats or blanket just to prevent themselves from the cold effect of winter. Females wear coloured Shalwar, long shirts and a Dopatta/Chaddar over their heads. They generally like ornaments, bangles, necklaces on occasion of festivals and marriages.
Wheat and maize are the staple food garins while bajra is also used to a lesser extent. The villagers mostly use vegetables with tandoori bread and sometimes also take meat. While the people of the urban areas mostly used to take balanced diet.
126.96.36.199 Living folk and traditional culture of Pakistan
The Lok Virsa (National Institute of Folk and Traditional Heritage) works towards preserving the living folk and traditional culture of Pakistan. Its Folk Heritage Museum is located near Shakarparian hills, has a large display of embroidered costumes, jewelry, metal work, wood work, block printing, ivory and bone work.
Traditional architecture facades exhibiting such skills and fresco, mirror work, marble inlay tile mosaic and stucco tracery are also displayed. Lok Virsa Heritage reference Library is equipped with resource data on ethnography, anthropology, folk music, art, history, and crafts.
188.8.131.52 Housing structure
The housing structure of sector was totally well-developed and cemented as well as concreted houses were constructed. Steel was used in the construction of the buildings. There were Towers build with cement, steel and concrete. The architecture of the houses was very beautiful and well-decorated.
184.108.40.206 Road and streets
The sector was easily accessed because there were many roads around it. The Kashmir highway was south of the sector. In the North there was Ibn-e-Sina road. The service roads were east and west side of the sector. The roads were linking the sector with other sectors of the Islamabad.
220.127.116.11 Police station
Security system was highly developed in the sector. A police station was existed in the sector for the protection of the public. Its name was Ramna Police Station located near G-11 markaz.
There were many mosques in Islamabad and especially in the specific study area. This was Jami-e-Masjid Almuzammil located in Sector G-11. There were other mosques like Jam-e-Masjid Mai Reshman , Jam-e-Masjid Al-Hudaa, Jam-e-Masjid Anwaar-ul-Mustafa and a Jam-e-Masjid in markaz.
In masjid Muslims went to offer their prayers and wished safety and protection from Allah according to the teachings of Islam. They showed their obedience to Allah and His last Prophet Hazrat Muhammad Salallaho Alaih Wasalam. They recited the Holy Quran to pure their love to Allah and His last last Prophet Hazrat Muhammad Salallaho Alaih Wasalam.
The plains and lower foot hills near the western and northern Margallah range have witnessed a very long and rich human settlement and history. This is partially manifest in the magnificent archaeological sites in the Taxila valley Archaeological Protection area, adjacent to the park’s north-western boundary. Here are ruins which extend back in time to the Paleolithic with nearly continuous archaeological documentation from the Neolithic to the fifth century.
Paleolithic sites have been found in areas now occupied by Islamabad, Rawalpindi and vicinity including Dhok Juri Caves near the southern park boundary west of Shah Allah Ditta. The alternating extensions of the cultures and influence from the west and east mimic the overlapping of natural ecosystem, and reflect and unusually diverse cultural heritage.
Although the most significant known sites are not in the park, there are associated sites in the Park which are worth of protection and interpretation. A cobbled path and nearby ancient well on the pass north of Shah Allah Ditta locally known as Kukkar Dara Khoh, is described. On the southern slope, below the pass, is Saddhu Da Bagh (a spring and former Hindu priest’s garden spot) near Shah Allah Ditta Village.
The caves here date from the medieval age and probably were first developed by Buddhist group. Hindu images are still faintly visible on some of the walls of these caves. There are locally important religious features, such as the Bouhar (banyan tree) near Faisal Mosque.
The Shrine of Bari Shah Imam is built on top of Medieval sites, which may be on top of older features. Nurpur and Saidpur villages originated in Medieval age therefore are at least 450 years old. Remnants of Medieval features can still be found in these villages.
Adjacent to the park is an area administrated by the Archaeology Department, there are the Khurram Guree spring and excavations nearby, the Faqeer Wali Bun (Pond) of Mughal origin, and the Moha Muradoo excavations with an associated cave near the vast network of Silk Trade route, is located in the Margallah Pass, immediately west of Nicholson Monument. The shrine of Pir Mahar Ali Shah in Golra Sharief is not far from the park southern boundary near Shah Allah Ditta. There are numerous others which need to be recovered and evaluated.
In Islamabad Museum a plenty of cultural remains of Indus civilization are displayed for the advancement of the public knowledge all over the world. Gandhara Grave culture and Gandhara art is also displayed in this museum. There are some other evidences of early Islamic settlements in this region of the world. Pakistan has rich resources of cultural history of ancient civilizations. Some old fossil remains are more than 20 million years old and some are 2 million years old. Pakistan has 7000 years old ancient human settlements.
This play ground was developed for the sports activities in the Sector G-11. It was located in the center of sector near G-11 markaz, Islamabad. There were refreshment points for children, young people, families and old age persons of the country.
There were fountains, flowers, footpaths, lakes, rock gardens and aquariums etc. Mostly the young people of urban areas enjoyed this playground. There was greenery everywhere in this beautiful playground.
All residents of the sector G used to come and the economic activities were in practice in the G-11 markaz. There were shops and mega markets for the sale and purchase of goods and services. Young people came here for their social and political activities because of many hotels and coffee bars. Fast foods and gifts were easily available for exchange among the young and all age groups.
Political campaigns were held in the markaz representing the political parties of the area. Camps were installed here to attract the voters specially youngster of the sector to motivate the political campaigns.