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Ethnographic Study of Voting Behaviour of Youth (Part-6)

Ethnographic Study of Voting Behaviour of Youth (Part-6)

1.1.1    Education

Islamabad has three big universities like Quaid-i-Azam, AllamaIqbal Open and Islamic International University. Students of all disciplines study in these universities across the world. Mostly the diversity is found in all these centers of education.  There are some other private universities in Islamabad. The brief details for these educational institutions are given below.

1.1.1.1  Allama Iqbal Open University

The AllamaIqbal Open University is located near Peshawar Morr, Islamabad. It has students from all over the country.  There are many departments in this university. Natural and social sciences programs are offered in this university after every six months.

The students of Punjab, Baluchistan, Sindh, KPK and Gilgit Baltistan are studying here. There are some foreigner students in this university. It was established in 1960s. It has distant learning programs for the students of both male and female gender. It was properly recognized in June, 1974.

1.1.1.2  Quaid-i-Azam University

The Quaid-i-Azam University is located north-east corner of Islamabad. It has area approximately 607 hectares.  There are many departments in this university. Natural and social sciences programs are offered in this university after every six months. The students of Punjab, Baluchistan, Sindh, KPK and Gilgit Baltistan are studying here.

In this university there is diversity of educated people. Students are performing their role in the development of the academic activities and research. The researchers are also the outcome of this university.

There are some foreigner students in this university. It’s a very beautiful university in Pakistan. It has main cafeteria and football grounds. Gymnasium is also built for the students of the university where both male and female students can go for exercise and playing games.

Sports are the main entertaining activity in performing the physical tasks to improve the health of the students. Computer labs, departmental libraries and central library are the source of knowledge and development of the skills. Mostly students and research scholars used to come here to get knowledge.

1.1.1.3  The Islamic International University

The Islamic International University is located Islamabad. It has students from all over the country.  It provides sound education to its students.  It was established in November, 1980 in the premises of Shah Faisal mosque. There are many departments in this university.

In three areas of study it provides education which are Shariahwa Qanun, Da’wahUsul al Din and Qir,aar as well as Social Sciences. The students of Punjab, Baluchistan, Sindh, KPK and Gilgit Baltistan are studying here. There are some foreigner students in this university.

In this university there is diversity of educated people. Students are performing their role in the development of the academic activities and research. The researchers are also the outcome of this university. There are libraries for the help of the students in providing authentic books, journals and periodicals as we as research papers.

1.1.2     Students enrolment

The table given below shows that there are three main famous universities, thirteen Higher Secondary  Schools, seven colleges, seventy nine High Schools, forty six middle schools, Tow hundred Sixteen  Primary Schools,  and fourteen model Schools .

The total 378 institutions are playing their role in the advancement of the academic and education of the students.  Total 483,036 students are enrolled in these institutions. The number of enrolled students in different educational institutions of Islamabad were given below:

Table 2. Indicates Enrolment by Institutions

Institutions Number Enrolment
University 3 270491
Higher Secondary 13 11700
College (Others) Degree Classes 7 632
High Schools 79 66950
Middle Schools 46 *
Primary Schools 216 109094
Islamabad Model Colleges 14 24169
Total 378 483,036

(Source: Education Directorate Islamabad)

1.1.2.1       Private schools and colleges

There were many private schools and colleges in the area of research. Apple, Al-Mustafa, FAMS grammar, IISC, and New Flower etc. There were private tuition centers and academies.

1.1.3     Health

In Islamabad health facilities are better than other areas of the country. There are 35 dispensaries with 16 beds capacity in Islamabad. Hospitals are 6 with 1660 beds along with other medical facilities.

There are 3 rural health centers (RHC) in which 65 beds are available for the patients. PIMS is the biggest hospital in Islamabad with specialist doctors from Pakistan and Foreign countries. Shifa International Hospital is important because of its medical services in Pakistan. Statement showing the number of health units is given below:

Table 3. Indicates Number of Beds by Health Units

Health Unit Number Beds
Hospital 6 1660
Dispensaries ICT 35 16
Maternal Children Hospital (MCH) 1 60
Rural Health Center (RHC) 3 65
Basic Health Units (BHU) 13 20
Total 58 1821
     (Source: Ministry of Health)

1.1.3.1       Private clinics

The doctors of various hospitals used to serve in their private clinics for the ailment of the ill and injured people of the sector. These clinics were full of patients because their fee was normal and affordable by the people of that sector.

1.1.4     Population size and growth

The total population including urban and rural areas of Islamabad, consists of 805,235 according to the census 1998 announced in March 1999. Average growth rate was 5.19 per cent in this period. As compared to the 1981 census the total population was 340,286 souls. The total area of the district was 906 kilometers. It meant that one square kilometer available place for 889 persons in 1998 which was 375 persons in census of 1981.

1.1.5     Language

The total population including urban and rural areas of Islamabad used to speak Punjabi (71.6%), Urdu (10.1%), Sindhi (0.6%), Pushto (9.5%), Balochi (0.1%), Siraiki (1.1%) and others (7.0%). This was recorded by the Population Census Organization, Statistics Division, Government of Pakistan, in 1998 District Census Report of Islamabad.

1.1.6     Religion

The total population including urban and rural areas of Islamabad, believed in Islam (95.5%), Christianity (4.1%), Hinduism (very small number), Ahmadi (0.3%), Scheduled Castes (very small number) and others (very small number). Majority of the population was Muslim. Second majority was Christians and there were some other who believes in other religions. This was reported by the Population Census Organization, Statistics Division, Government of Pakistan, in 1998 District Census Report of Islamabad.

1.1.7     Literacy

Population Census Organization, Statistics Division, Government of Pakistan, reported that the literacy rate of Islamabad including both sexes was 72.4 per cent in 1998 which was 47.8 per cent in 1981. It was presented in 1998 District Census Report of Islamabad. The criterion for literacy was set in the below definition: “A person was treated as literate in 1998 Census if he/she could read newspaper or a journal of same standard and could write a simple letter in any language.”

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